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Seven dietary points to pay attention to for hyperlipidemia


The "three highs" we often hear are hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, which should be familiar to everyone. Both blood pressure and blood sugar can be measured at home, while blood lipids usually need to be tested in the hospital.

Hyperlipidemia is generally related to diet and living habits. Patients with hyperlipidemia should pay attention to the following aspects in diet7 points.

1. Control food intake and prevent obesity

Patients with blood lipids should eat reasonably and control the amount of food per meal, so as to effectively control their weight within the normal range and prevent obesity.


Patients with high blood fat should use diet control and proper exercise to reduce weight and blood fat, and should not easily use hunger therapy to reduce weight and blood fat.

2. Light diet, mainly vegetarian

The diet of patients with hyperlipidemia should be light, avoid big fish and big meat, and should be mainly vegetarian, with a proper amount of meat.


Cereals, dried fruits, beans and bean products are edible; In meat, fish and some lean animal meat should be selected, which can not only supplement protein, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients for the human body, but also will not lead to elevated blood lipids.

It is worth noting that patients with hyperlipidemia should not eat vegetarian food for a long time to prevent the body from lacking necessary nutrients, leading to malnutrition.

3. Vegetable oil should be used


Patients with hyperlipidemia should use vegetable oil, such as soybean oil, vegetable oil, sesame oil, corn oil, rice bran oil, etc; Do not use meat oil, such as lard, chicken oil, duck oil, etc; It is also forbidden to use butter, cream, cheese and other added foods rich in oil.

4. Avoid greasy food


Patients with hyperlipidemia should avoid greasy foods, which are generally rich in cholesterol and fat, such as fat meat (pork, mutton, dog meat, etc.), and the viscera of pigs and other animals (such as brain, intestines, kidney, heart, etc.). The intake of these foods should be strictly limited to avoid interfering with the adjustment of blood lipids.

5. Limit sugar intake

Patients with hyperlipidemia should limit the intake of carbohydrates to make them account for55%~60%.


Patients with hyperlipidemia should avoid eating granulated sugar, small fructose, malt sugar, honey, cakes and canned foods with more sugar, and do not add sugar when cooking and drinking milk soybean milk.

6. Supplement high-quality protein


Patients with hyperlipidemia should properly supplement their intake of protein, especially high-quality protein, such as beans, bean products, lean meat, peeled poultry, fish, etc. These foods containing high-quality protein can be appropriately consumed more.

7. Supplement dietary fiber

Patients with hyperlipidemia should regularly supplement the intake of dietary fiber in their diet.

Epidemiological survey found that in Europe, America and other countries, with the reduction of consumption of vegetable food and the over refinement of various foods, the intake of dietary fiber of residents has significantly decreased, leading to the increasing incidence rate of rich and noble diseases such as hyperlipidemia, obesity, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, etc.


Medical research and observation found that the dietary fiber intake of vegetarians was greater than22g, the dietary fiber intake of meat eaters is less than 10g. The blood lipids of the two groups of residents were compared. The results showed that the serum cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein, and very low density lipoprotein of vegetarians were significantly lower than those of meat eaters.

No matter the lignin and pectin in dietary fiber, or the cellulose, hemicellulose, gum and algal polysaccharide in it, all have good cholesterol lowering effect and can effectively help patients reduce blood lipids.