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Five misunderstandings of chronic diseases


Chronic disease is a chronic and persistent disease, which will bring physical and psychological pain and suffering to patients, and will also seriously affect people's quality of life. Many people do not know that they have suffered from chronic diseases because many chronic diseases have hidden onset and no symptoms at the early stage.

If you have a chronic disease, you need to find and treat it as soon as possible. In particular, there are someOnce the "minor illness" is delayed, it is likely to develop into a "serious illness"!


In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy and the change of people's lifestyle, the incidence rate of chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, etc. is on the rise, becoming the main cause of disease deaths worldwide, accounting for63%。

However, in contrast to the severe chronic disease situation, many patients with chronic diseases lack correct understanding of their own health, show an indifferent and indifferent attitude, have a weak sense of risk and crisis, and even some patients with chronic diseases do not know that they are suffering from chronic disease, and think they are in good health.

So, today we will talk about the five misunderstandings that patients with chronic diseases should specifically correct.

oneLess harm from chronic diseases

We usually judge the severity of the disease by symptoms. If you have a runny nose, you may have a cold. Drink more hot water and wear more clothes. But if you have a fever, you need to go to the hospital to see a doctor.

However, some symptoms of chronic diseases are not obvious, and many patients think that the harm of chronic diseases is small, so they take chances and ignore timely treatment, thus causing more harm than ordinary diseases.


For example, adaptive hypertension, blood pressure rises slowly, from mild to moderate to severe, and patients gradually adapt to this rise. Even if the blood pressure rises to a very high level, they can not feel the existence of the disease.

Because the symptoms are small and the chronic diseases are very harmful, if the adaptive hypertension cannot be treated in time, it may lead to fundus hemorrhage, renal arteriosclerosis, cerebral vascular rupture, and eventually lead to hypertensive ophthalmopathy, hypertensive nephropathy, and moderate complications of cerebral stroke, even life-threatening.

twoChronic disease is a single disease

Diseases are not independent of each other, which is particularly prominent in chronic diseases.

As the most common chronic disease, hypertension is also a risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke, and hyperglycemia is also a risk factor for various cardio-cerebrovascular diseases,The possibility of type 2 diabetes with hypertension is up to 30%


This means that once a certain chronic disease symptom occurs, it is not only necessary to pay attention to the disease itself, but also to be alert to other diseases caused by it, and treat them in time to prevent greater harm.

threeElderly people will get chronic diseases

When it comes to chronic diseases, most people will associate them with the elderly. But in fact, due to the influence of bad living habits, the trend of chronic diseases becoming younger is obvious.


Taking coronary heart disease as an example, the incidence rate and mortality rate of young and middle-aged people continue to increase, and the growth rate has exceeded that of the elderly. Young and middle-aged patients with coronary heart disease often have the characteristics of acute onset and serious incidence, and sudden cardiac death is common.

This is due to the rapid and unstable development of intravascular plaque in young and middle-aged people, which is easy to rupture and form thrombus to block blood vessels, and immediately cause acute massive myocardial necrosis. Because of the acute onset, no collateral circulation was established, which led to malignant arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death.

With the rapid growth of young people's obesity rate, coupled with the factors such as young people's fast pace of life, high work pressure, unbalanced diet, and serious lack of exercise, Chinese young people are increasingly at risk of suffering from chronic diseases. Some chronic diseases originally exclusive to the elderly, such as hypertension, diabetes, are increasingly appearing in young people.

fourChronic diseases mainly affect men

A few chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, may differ between men and women. This is due to the influence of estrogen in women. Women are less likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases than men. After menopause, the incidence rate of cardiovascular diseases will rise rapidly and gradually catch up with men of the same age.


Most other chronic diseases actually harm men and women to the same extent, but because of differences in daily life habits, such as smoking and drinking, men are far more than women, which makes the incidence rate of some chronic diseases between men and women different.

fiveChronic diseases cannot be prevented

Some people believe that chronic diseases are not infectious diseases and cannot be prevented by cutting off the transmission route and vaccination, so it is difficult to prevent chronic diseases.

This idea is completely wrong. In fact, many studies on the inducement and risk factors of chronic diseases have been thorough. If these inducements can be well controlled,More than 80% of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes can be avoided, and more than 40% of cancers can also be prevented.