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Boy, a pack of cigarettes a day twice a day for four years - these signs of myocardial infarction should be noted


Recently, a small group in NanjingTwice in four years, I was on the Weibo hot search for myocardial infarction. The doctor found that the young man had suffered from myocardial infarction four years ago. This is the second time, and the risk is very high. It is understood that the boy has been smoking a pack of cigarettes every day since he was seventeen or eighteen years old. He quit smoking for a period of time after the last myocardial infarction, and then he didn't stop smoking cigarettes, but it still led to the attack of this myocardial infarction.


Myocardial infarction, or acute myocardial infarction, refers to an acute disease that may endanger the life of the heart due to the spontaneous lesion of the coronary artery or the related medical operation of the coronary artery leading to acute myocardial obstruction, acute and continuous ischemia and hypoxia of the myocardium, and then leading to myocardial necrosis, which may damage the heart function.

Hazards of smoking

We all know that smoking is harmful to health, and the smoke produced by smoking contains at least69 known carcinogens, various harmful gases, and highly addictive nicotine. A single puff of smoke will allow more than 5000 chemicals to enter the body. A large number of clinical studies have shown that there is a strong correlation between smoking and myocardial infarction. Compared with non-smokers, the risk of myocardial infarction in smokers increases by 2 to 6 times.


In addition to being one of the high-risk factors of myocardial infarction, smoking is also a hidden killer of all organs of the body. The tar in smoke will damage teeth, destroy nerve endings, stimulate gastric mucosa, and induce gastric lesions; Nicotine acts on the brain and lungs, causing cerebral ischemia and hypoxia, causing cerebral vasospasm, stimulating lung tissue, and causing lung disease……

Myocardial infarction is becoming younger

According to the latest epidemiological survey in China, the incidence rate of myocardial infarction in young people has increased significantly in all age groups, especiallyThe incidence rate of people aged 35-44 years increased the most, increasing by 30% in three years.

The onset of myocardial infarction in young people is usually acute and the symptoms are dangerous. Once myocardial infarction occurs, it is often more serious than the elderly, and the probability of sudden death is also higher than the elderly.

Reasons for younger myocardial infarction

1. Smoking

Research findings of Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University,72.7% of young patients with myocardial infarction had a history of smoking.


Smoking can increase the heart rate and blood pressure, cause coronary artery tension, interfere with fat metabolism, and accelerate arteriosclerosis. For smokers who smoke for a long time, their blood vessels will become very narrow. In addition, smoking will stimulate the plaque endothelium and cause plaque rupture to form thrombus. The original blood vessels will be narrow, and the thrombus will block the blood vessels and myocardial infarction will follow.

2. High pressure

The competition in all walks of life in today's society is very fierce, which has led to higher and higher requirements for employees and significantly increased pressure on employees.


Especially young people, who have just come out of the ivory tower of the school, can only acceptIn 1996, he concentrated on his work. Long-term staying up late and high pressure led to chronic sympathetic excitement and induced myocardial infarction.

3. Less exercise

With the development of society, people's amount of exercise has become less and less. There are subways to and from work, and it is convenient to take the bus. There are elevators to go up and down the stairs, and there is less housework. There are washing machines and sweeping robots to wash clothes.


While modern technology liberates people's hands and feet, it also lays a curse for cardiovascular diseases. Especially, hypertension and hyperlipemia will gradually damage the health of blood vessels, which is not only easy to cause myocardial infarction, but also easy to cause cerebral infarction and even pulmonary embolism.

4. Eating unhealthy

In recent years, the domestic economy has developed by leaps and bounds, and people's living standards have greatly improved. All kinds of meat have become common food on the table of ordinary people.


However, eating too much greasy and fried food, such as roast meat and fried chicken, will cause too much vascular garbage to deposit in the blood vessels, which will lead to lipid plaque in the blood vessels, causing atherosclerosis, and eventually leading to myocardial infarction.

Precursors of myocardial infarction

1. Shortness of breath

If you have difficulty breathing and shortness of breath for several consecutive days, especially for women, you should consider that there is a heart problem, which may be the precursor of myocardial infarction.

2. Chest tightness


Most people have experienced chest tightness, but it is only temporary and will not increase with time.

But if you find that chest tightness tends to increase and feel more and more uncomfortable, don't hesitate to go to the hospital to see a doctor immediately.

3. Arrhythmia

The human heart beats at a certain frequency. When we do strenuous exercise, the heart beats faster and the heart rate rises.


But if you feel arrhythmia without strenuous exercise, you need to be alertThe heart rate is irregular for 24 hours. Please go to the hospital for examination immediately. This is the most obvious precursor of myocardial infarction.

4. Physical pain

In addition to heart pain, myocardial infarction will also drive many organs and parts of the body to make corresponding reactions, such as headache, toothache, abdominal pain, shoulder and neck pain, etc., but without exception, it starts from chest pain.


It's not that you are overworked, or that you do some physical work that causes muscle pain, but because of the coming of myocardial infarction.

Myocardial infarction is threatening. It is often one or two weeks before the onset of the disease that the body will remind the patient and send out an early warning. If this time does not attract attention, it is just a small problem, and it is a big mistake to think that it can be tolerated and passed!