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Current situation and preventive measures of chronic diseases under the aging population


We often see it online or hear it in hospitalsMany people wonder about the word "slow disease". Sick people get sick. How can there be a word "slow"?

As the name implies, the so-called chronic diseases refer to the general term of diseases that do not constitute infection and form damage in the form of disease after long-term accumulation, such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes and cancer.


With the rapid development of China's economy, the level of social health services continues to improve, and the life expectancy of residents continues to increase.

According to the statistical bulletin on the development of China's health industry in 2021, the average life expectancy of Chinese residents has increased from 77.93 years in 2020 to 78.2 years in 2021. At the same time, China's population structure is also gradually aging. It is expected that the aging population will reach 30% by 2030.


This has also led to the continuous extension of the survival period of patients with chronic diseases in China, the expansion of the base of patients with chronic diseases, and the increasingly severe situation of prevention and control of chronic diseases.

ICurrent situation of chronic diseases in China

In China, chronic diseases generally have high morbidity, mortality and disability rates, but low awareness, treatment and control rates"Three high and three low" phenomenon.


Issued by the National Health Commission Report on Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese Residents(According to 2020), in 2019, deaths caused by chronic diseases accounted for 88.5% of the total deaths in China, including 80.7% of deaths from cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases.

Patients with chronic diseases rely on medical institutions to control diseases for a long time, with high medical costs and heavy burden. At present, people are not aware of the harm of chronic diseases and cannot effectively treat and control the disease for a long time.

IIChronic disease management policy

In 2012, China included chronic disease management and prevention in the government work plan for the first time. Since 2015, China has successively issued a series of policies for the development planning, service standards, system construction and other aspects of the chronic disease management industry, aiming at promoting the development of the chronic disease management industry.

asIn 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments issued the Work Plan for Expanding Domestic Demand and Promoting Consumption in the Near Future (FGJG [2020] No. 1565), which proposed to include the cost of Internet re-diagnosis of chronic diseases into the scope of medical insurance; In 2021, the National Health and Health Commission and other departments jointly issued the Notice on Improving the Work of Basic Public Health Service Projects in 2021 (Guowei Grassroots Development [2021] No. 23), proposing to provide targeted services for patients with chronic diseases.


IIIChronic disease prevention

In addition to the national chronic disease management policy, how do we prevent chronic diseases in our daily life? belowFive habits to correct!


Smoking is harmful to health. This sentence is written on the cigarette box. What changes will happen to your body after you stop smoking?


Stop smokingAfter 48 hours, our blood circulation of hands and feet will be improved, and our sense of taste and smell will become more sensitive;

Stop smokingIn 2 weeks, our lung function will improve by 30%;

Stop smokingIn 1~9 months, we will find that cough, nasal congestion, fatigue and dyspnea are significantly reduced, and physical energy is greatly increased;

Stop smokingAfter five years, the risk of heart disease decreased significantly.

twodrink wine


We all know that excessive drinking is harmful to health. In addition, it will weaken the effect of antihypertensive drugs. Therefore, it is recommended that patients with hypertension should control the amount of alcohol they drink, and it will be better to avoid drinking alcohol. If you are a patient with cardiovascular disease, you need to strictly avoid alcohol.

threeEating unhealthy


Eating habits are heavy on taste, excessive intake of salt, sugar, fat, etc., insufficient intake of some vitamins, and excessive intake of total calories every day, resulting in overweight and obesity. These bad eating habits will lead to the occurrence of various chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.

fourHigh psychological pressure


The tense working state and fast-paced life make us face great psychological pressure, which may lead us to fall into nervous and anxious mood, which will have serious impact on our body and mind in the long run, especially for various chronic diseases. This situation can be adjusted and improved through scientific training methods.

fiveLack of exercise


Exercise is a good medicine for chronic diseases. Long-term lack of exercise will not only reduce physical fitness and immunity, but also lead to overweight and obesity, and induce various chronic diseases.