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Chronic diseases are extremely harmful and should be prevented from six aspects


Chronic diseases refer to diseases caused by a series of long-term accumulated lifestyle, environmental and genetic factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, etc.

With the improvement of living standards and the intensification of population aging, chronic disease has become a major public health problem in today's society. The prevention of chronic diseases is not only related to the health of individuals, but also to the economic development and stability of the whole society.

1、 Hazards of chronic diseases

The harm of chronic diseases is mainly reflected in the following aspects:

oneHazards to health


Chronic diseases are often manifested as long-term chronic diseases, which seriously affect the health of patients, and even lead to disability and death.

twoHarm to social economy

The treatment of chronic diseases requires a large amount of medical resources and financial resources, which causes a heavy burden on families and social economy.

threeHazards to family life


Chronic disease patients need long-term treatment and care, which will not only burden the family, but also affect the quality of life of family members.

2、 The importance of chronic disease prevention

oneReduce morbidity

The main causes of chronic diseases are lifestyle and environmental factors. Through prevention and control of these factors, the prevalence of chronic diseases can be effectively reduced.

twoReduce the medical burden


Prevention of chronic diseases can reduce medical costs and consumption of medical resources, and reduce social and economic burden.

threeImprove the quality of life

Prevention of chronic diseases can promote the formation of healthy lifestyle, improve the quality of life and life expectancy.

3、 Specific methods and strategies for chronic disease prevention

oneHealthy diet


Healthy diet is the basis for preventing chronic diseases.

It is recommended to eat enough vegetables, fruits, whole grains, protein, low-fat dairy products and other healthy foods. At the same time, try to avoid eating foods with high calories, high fat and high sugar, such as cakes, cookies, potato chips, etc.

twoScientific movement

Proper exercise can strengthen the physique and improve the immunity, thus contributing to physical health and achieving the purpose of preventing chronic diseases.


Recommended weekly150 minutes of medium-intensity aerobic exercise, such as fast walking, jogging, swimming, etc., generally 30 to 60 minutes for each activity, and the intensity varies from person to person.

In addition, comprehensive exercises such as strength training and yoga can also be carried out.

threeManage weight


Obesity is one of the risk factors for many chronic diseases, including heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, etc.

The risk of disease can be reduced by controlling weight through healthy diet and scientific exercise.

fourSmoking cessation and alcohol restriction

Smoking and drinking are one of the main causes of many chronic diseases.


Smoking can significantly increase the incidence of malignant tumors, respiratory diseases and stroke, which is no different from chronic suicide. Excessive drinking can lead to the risk of acute alcoholism, acute and chronic hepatitis, hypertension and other chronic diseases.

It is recommended to stop smoking and limit alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of disease.

fiveManage stress


Stress is one of the inducements of many chronic diseases. Adverse emotions, work pressure, economic pressure, ideological burden and other pressures will cause great harm to the human body. Under long-term great pressure, various chronic diseases will follow, so we should adjust and relax ourselves in time.

Appropriate rest and relaxation techniques, such as outings, listening to music, yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, can relieve stress and reduce the risk of illness.

sixRegular physical examination

Chronic diseases are characterized by long course, complex etiology, serious health damage and social harm. There are almost no symptoms in the early stage of chronic diseases. Some patients are difficult to detect in the early stage, and traditional detection is extremely difficult to detect. Once detected, most of them are in the middle and late stage.


This brings certain difficulties to the early control of chronic diseases. Regular physical examination can detect potential chronic diseases as early as possible and take appropriate preventive measures. It is recommended to conduct a comprehensive physical examination every year to achieve early detection, early prevention and early treatment.